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Sons of Union Veterans of
3038 Stevely Avenue Long Beach, CA

The Grand Army of the Republic

Progenitor of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War

Founded in Decatur, Illinois on April 6, 1866, the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) consisted of Union Veterans of the Civil War, joined together at first for camaraderie, and later for political power. By 1890 their membership had risen to nearly 410,000 veterans.

Membership was limited to honorably discharged veterans of the Union Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Revenue Cutter Service who had served between April 12, 1861 and April 9, 1865.

The community level of the organization was called a "Post" and each was numbered consecutively within each Department (generally a particular state). Most Posts also had a name and the rules for naming Posts included the requirement that the honored person be deceased and that no two Posts within the same Department could have the same name. The National organization was run by the elected "Commandery-in-Chief."

The GAR founded soldiers' homes, and was active in relief work and pension legislation. Five members were elected President of the United States and, for a time, it was impossible to be nominated on the Republican ticket without the endorsement of the GAR voting block.

In 1868, Commander-in-Chief John A. Logan issued General Order No. 11 calling for all Departments and Posts to set aside the 30th of May as a day for remembering the sacrifices of fallen comrades, thereby beginning the celebration of Memorial Day.

The final meeting of the Grand Army of the Republic was held in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1949 and the last member, Albert Woolson, died in 1956 at the age of 109 years.

The GAR's Department of California and Nevada was organized on February 21, 1868. Eventually there were nearly 200 individual posts throughout the Department. While the last National Encampment was held in 1949, the Department of California and Nevada continued to hold their annual Department Encampments into the 1950s.

The last member of the Department, William Allen Magee of Company M, 12th Ohio Cavalry, died in Long Beach, California on January 23, 1953 at the age of 106 years.

Following is a list of GAR Posts within the area covered by the Gen. W. S. Rosecrans Camp No. 2, SUVCW. Not all of these Posts would have existed simultaneously:

Sunnyside Memorial Restoration

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Los Angeles County

Los Angeles Post No. 5

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Los Angeles

Bartlett-Logan Post No. 6

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Los Angeles

Wilmington Post No. 24

of

Wilmington

Reynolds Post No. 37

of

Wilmington

Stanton Post No. 55

of

Los Angeles

Shiloh Post No. 60

of

Compton

Vicksburg Post No. 61

of

Pomona

John F. Godfrey Post No. 93

of

Pasadena

Gelcich Post No. 106

of

East Los Angeles

Ft. Fisher Post No. 137

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Santa Monica

John A. Logan Post No. 139

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Los Angeles

Dan Bidwell Post No. 140

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Norwalk

Burnside Post No. 144

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San Pedro

John A. Martin Post No. 153

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Santa Monica

Gen. George Crook Post No. 154

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Los Angeles

N. P. Banks Post No. 169

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Glendale

Tujunga Post No. 170

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Tujunga

Burnside Post No. 174

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Azusa

Gen. Charles F. Smith Post No. 178

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Lancaster

Long Beach Post No. 181

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Long Beach

W. S. Rosecrans Post No. 182

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Whittier

Harbor City Post No. 185

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San Pedro

Burnside Post No. 188

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West Los Angeles

Stephen Jackson Post No. 191

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Santa Monica

Richard J. Mohr Post No. 198

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Inglewood

Watts Post No. 199

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Watts

Adm. Robley D. Evans Post No. 200

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Los Angeles

Monrovia Post No. 202

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Monrovia

Redondo Beach Post No. 203

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Redondo Beach

Ventura County

Cushing Post No. 44

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Ventura

Maj. E. W. Eddy Post No. 68

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Santa Paula

Copyright © 2008-2015 — Dept. of CA & Pacific, SUVCW
Created 20 Feb 2008; Revised 25 Aug 2015

Webmaster: Tad D. Campbell, PCinC

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