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Sons of Union Veterans of
6354 Starr Road

The Grand Army of the Republic

Progenitor of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War

Founded in Decatur, Illinois on April 6, 1866, the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) consisted of Union Veterans of the Civil War, joined together at first for camaraderie, and later for political power. By 1890 their membership had risen to nearly 410,000 veterans.

Membership was limited to honorably discharged veterans of the Union Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Revenue Cutter Service who had served between April 12, 1861 and April 9, 1865.

The community level of the organization was called a "Post" and each was numbered consecutively within each Department (generally a particular state). Most Posts also had a name and the rules for naming Posts included the requirement that the honored person be deceased and that no two Posts within the same Department could have the same name. The National organization was run by the elected "Commandery-in-Chief."

The GAR founded soldiers' homes, and was active in relief work and pension legislation. Five members were elected President of the United States and, for a time, it was impossible to be nominated on the Republican ticket without the endorsement of the GAR voting block.

In 1868, Commander-in-Chief John A. Logan issued General Order No. 11 calling for all Departments and Posts to set aside the 30th of May as a day for remembering the sacrifices of fallen comrades, thereby beginning the celebration of Memorial Day.

The final meeting of the Grand Army of the Republic was held in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1949 and the last member, Albert Woolson, died in 1956 at the age of 109 years.

The GAR's Department of California and Nevada was organized on February 21, 1868. Eventually there were nearly 200 individual posts throughout the Department. While the last National Encampment was held in 1949, the Department of California and Nevada continued to hold their annual Department Encampments into the 1950s.

The last member of the Department, William Allen Magee of Company M, 12th Ohio Cavalry, died in Long Beach, California on January 23, 1953 at the age of 106 years.

Following is a list of GAR Posts within the area covered by the Col. Elmer Ellsworth Camp No. 23, SUVCW. These Posts may not have existed simultaneously:

Del Norte County

Hamlin Post No. 160

of

Crescent City

Lake County

L. H. Rousseau Post No. 64

of

Kelseyville

Gaylord Post No. 125

of

Upper Lake

Humboldt County

Anderson Post No. 21

of

Ferndale

Col. Whipple Post No. 49

of

Eureka

G. D. Forsythe Post No. 129

of

Rhonerville

Cold Harbor Post No. 132

of

Arcata

Leppien Post No. 150

of

Fortuna

Marin County

Curtis Post No. 22

of

San Quentin

Gen. McDowell Post No. 90

of

San Rafael

Mendocino County

Thomas Dollard Post No. 53

of

Mendocino

Fredricksburg Post No. 97

of

Point Arena

Kearsarge Post No. 119

of

Ukiah

Missionary Ridge Post No. 156

of

Fort Bragg

Napa County

Gov. Morton Post No. 41

of

Calistoga

Kilpatrick Post No. 38

of

St. Helena

Kit Carson Post No. 74

of

Napa

Unity Post No. 171

of

Yountville Veterans Home

Napa Post No. 192

of

Napa

Sonoma County

Sherman Post No. 15

of

Petaluma

Rod Matheson Post No. 16

of

Healdsburg

Ellsworth Post No. 20

of

Santa Rosa

Antietam Post No. 63

of

Petaluma

J. W. Morey Post No. 81

of

Guerneville

Ft. Sumter Post No. 148

of

Cloverdale

Ericsson Post No. 164

of

Sebastopol

Veterans of the American Civil War
St. Helena, Napa County, California

 

Veterans of the American Civil War
Calistoga, Napa County, California

Copyright © 2008-2015 — Dept. of CA & Pacific, SUVCW
Created 20 Feb 2008; Revised 25 Aug 2015

Webmaster: Tad D. Campbell, PCinC

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